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See two views of urinary tract CT scans.

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In words:

What are Urinary Tract CT Scans?

A Urinary Tract CT scan of the kidneys and bladder are called a CT KUB or CT urogram. This type of scan can find kidney stones, bladder stones, or blockage of the urinary tract.

A doctor or physician may order a CT scan of the urinary tract to make detailed pictures and analyze the internal structure. Computerized tomography (CT) scanning is useful to get a very detailed 3D image of certain parts of the body.

The process begins by taking many different X-ray views at various different angles, which are then combined with the use of computer processing to create cross-sectional images of the bones and soft tissue inside of your body, including tissues inside of solid organ. Ordinary X-ray testing does not show clear images of soft tissue, so doctors often request CT scanning to get a good image of soft tissue including organs, muscles, blood vessels, nerves, and the brain. Sometimes a contrast dye is used as it shows up clearer on the screen.

Many organs in your body can be seen during a quality CT scan of the urinary tract including the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

Reasons for a Urinary Tract CT scan: 

CT scans are used for a multitude of reasons. They may be done to check for certain cancers in various different ways including to detect abnormal tumors, growths or lumps. They also identify the location of tumors, the stage of cancer, and where to perform a biopsy.

A urinary tract CT scan can be used to guide doctors or surgeons during a procedure. They are important in planning for certain types of therapy and surgery, as well as in the aftermath to determine whether the patient’s body is responding to treatment.

CT scans can be used to detect cysts or infections in the body. They can also identify the bone structures within the body and can accurately measure the density of bone.

A CT scan is often used to quickly inspect a patient after an accident in order to identify traumatic internal injuries.

A Urinary Tract CT scan may help diagnose (find): 

A CT scan of the urinary tract can show infections, cysts, tumors, or obstructions in the urinary tract. It can also show stones in the urinary tract.

A urinary tract CT scan can diagnose traumatic injuries.

A CT scan of the urinary tract can help a physician find the cause of blood in the urine, blockage of urine, frequent or urgent urination, and inconsistent leakage of urine.

A special type of CT scan, called a CT intravenous pyelogram (IVP), uses injected dye (contrast material) to look for kidney stones, blockage, growths, infection, or other diseases of the urinary tract. They can also identify stones in the urinary tract, cysts, tumors, and traumatic injury to the kidneys and ureters.

Doctors frequently order urinary tract CT scans to find the cause of urinary incontinence or frequent, urgent urination and aid in determining the blockage of urine. CT scans of the urinary tract can spot abdominal masses, reveal the cause of pain in the groin or lower back, blood in the urine, high blood pressure and even kidney failure.

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